Naomi’s bitterness towards God.

Ruth 1.19-22.

1.19 The two of them walked until they came to Bethlehem. Upon coming to Bethlehem, the city gossiped about them, saying, “Is this Naómi?” 20 Naómi told them, “Don’t call me na’ómi/pleasant; call me mará/bitter, because the Almighty has made me mighty bitter. 21 I left full, and Yahweh brought me back empty, so why are you calling me Naómi? Yahweh answered me; the Almighty’s done evil to me.”

22 Naomi returned to Bethlehem from the country of Mo’av with Ruth, her Mo’avi daughter-in-law, at the beginning of the barley harvest.

Ruth swears to stay with Naomi.

Ruth 1.14-18.

1.14 They lifted their voices and wept again, and Orpá kissed her mother-in-law farewell. Ruth clung to her, 15 so she said, “Look, your sister-in-law has returned to her people and god. Go after her.”

16 Ruth said, “Stop begging me to leave you and return: Where you go, I go. Where you stay, I stay. Your people are my people. Your God is my God. 17 Where you die, I die, and will be buried there. I swear to Yahweh that only death will separate us.”

18 Naómi, seeing that Ruth was determined to go with her, stopped begging her.

Naomi unloads her daughters-in-law.

Ruth 1.6-13.

1.6 Hearing, in Mo’av, that Yahweh had taken charge of His people and given them food, she took her daughters-in-law and returned from Mo’av, 7 left where she was staying with her daughters-in-law, and they walked on the road to return to the land of Judah.

8 Naómi told her daughters-in-law, “Go. Return, each of you, to your mother’s house. May Yahweh be gracious to you like you’ve been with the dead men, and with me. 9 May Yahweh bless you so that you each go out, peacefully, to a new husband’s house.”

She kissed them, and they raised their voices and wept, 10 and told her, “We are returning to your people with you.”

11 Naómi said, “Return, my daughters. Why are you walking with me? Are there sons in my belly? Will they be your husbands? 12 Return, my daughters. Walk. For I’m too old to marry. Say there’s hope, and I meet a man tonight, and bear sons. 13 You’ll lay up hope for when they grow up? You’ll abstain from being with a man till then? No, my daughters. My life is far more bitter than yours. Yahweh’s hand has left me.”

Ten years in Mo’av.

Ruth 1.1-5.

1.1 In the time of the Judges there had been a recession. A man from Bethlehem, Judah, had left to stay in the country of Mo’av—he and his wife and two sons. 2 The man’s name was Elimelékh. His wife’s name was Naómi. His sons’ names were Makhlón and Khilyón. They were of the tribe of Efra’ím, from Bethlehem, Judah. They had gone to the country of Mo’av and lived there, 3 and Elimelékh, Naómi’s husband, had died, and she and her two sons had stayed. 4 They had taken Mo’avi wives: the first named Orpá, the second named Ruth. They had lived there about ten years. 5 Both Makhlón and Khilyón had also died, leaving only their mother without children or husband.

Don’t cave under persecution.

Revelation 2.12-17.

2.12 “And to the angel of the Pergamon church, write: Thus says the Bearer of the sharp double-edged scimitar. 13 I know where you live, at Satan’s seat; you cling to My name and don’t stop trusting Me—even when Antipas, My faithful witness, was killed beside you in Satan’s house. 14 But I have a few things against you: You have some followers of Bala’am’s teachings, who showed Balak how to corrupt Israel into eating idol sacrifices and having sex with temple whores. 15 That’s what you have—and you’re following Nikolas’s teaching as well. 16 Turn away! If not, I’ll come to you swiftly, and I’ll fight them with the scimitar in My mouth.

17 “Tell those with ears to hear what the Spirit says to the churches.

“To the winner, I’ll give the hidden manna. I’ll give a white pebble, and on the pebble, a new name written on it that none but the recipient knows.”

How well will we stand under pressure?

Revelation 2.8-11.

2.8 “And to the angel of the Smyrna church, write: Thus says the First and the Last, who became a dead man and lived. 9 I know about you—your suffering, your begging despite your wealth, the slanders by those who say they’re themselves Jews—but aren’t; they’re a synagogue of Satan. 10 You’re about to suffer—but never fear it! Look: The devil is about to throw some of your church into prison so that you’d all be tested, and you’ll all suffer for ten days. Be faithful in the face of death, and I’ll give you the garland of life.

10 “Tell those with ears to hear what the Spirit says to the churches. The winner will definitely not be harmed by the second death.”

Losing love in the fight for orthodoxy.

Revelation 2.1-7.

2.1 “To the angel of the Ephesus church, write: Thus says the Ruler of the seven stars in His right hand, the Walker in middle of the seven gold lampstands. 2 I know your works: your beating, your endurance, that you don’t tolerate evil, that you tested the sayings of your ‘apostles’ and found them untrue, and frauds. 3 You have endurance and you carry My name, and haven’t grown tired. 4 But I have this against you: You set aside your original love. 5 So remember where you fell from, and repent, and do your first works. Otherwise I’m coming—and I’ll move your lampstand out of its place if you don’t repent. 6 But this you have: You hate the works of Nikolas’s followers. I hate them too.

7 “Tell those with ears to hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To the winner, I will give food from the Tree of Life, which is in God’s Paradise.”

Jesus appears to John.

Revelation 1.9-20.

1.9 I’m John, your fellow Christian, experiencing with you the trials, and the Kingdom, and the patient endurance of Jesus. I was put on the island called Patmos because of God’s word and my witness of Jesus. 10 In spirit, I saw the Day of the Lord. I heard a great voice behind me, like a war trumpet, 11 saying, “Write what you see in a book and send it to the seven churches—to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.”

12 I turned around to see the voice speaking with me, and on doing so I saw seven gold lampstands; 13 in the middle of the lampstands, one like the Son of Man, clad in a full-length robe with a gold belt wrapped around His chest, 14 His head and hair white like snow, His eyes like sparks of fire, 15 His feet like bronze glowing in a furnace, His voice like the sound of roaring water, 16 seven stars in His right hand, a sharp two-edged scimitar coming out of His mouth, and His face shining like the power of the sun.

17 Once I saw Him, I fell to His feet like a dead man. He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Don’t fear! I am the First and the Last 18 and the Living. I became a dead man and look, I’m Living—forever and ever. I have the keys to Death and the Afterlife. 19 So write what you saw: what exists, and what’s about to exist after these things. 20 The mystery of the seven stars you saw in My right hand, and the seven gold lampstands: The seven stars are angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.”

The End is about everyone, not just the Hebrews.

Revelation 1.4-8.

1.4 John. To the seven churches in Asia Minor. Grace to you, and peace from the Being, the Been, and the Coming; and the seven spirits in front of His throne; 5 and from Messiah Jesus, the trustworthy witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the prince over the world’s kings.

To the One who loves us, and frees us from our sins through His blood, 6 and made us a Kingdom, priests of God His Father: To Him, high opinion and power forever and ever. Amen.

7 Look: He comes with the clouds, and every eye will see Him—including whoever stabbed Him, and all the tribes of the world will wail over Him. Yes, amen.

8 “I am the first letter and the last letter,” Master God says, “the Being, the Been, and the Coming: the Almighty.”

What the Revelation is about.

Revelation 1.1-3.

1.1 The revelation of Messiah Jesus, which God gave Him to show His servants what’s going to come quickly. The Sender gave this information, through His messenger, to His servant John, 2 who witnessed God’s message and Messiah Jesus’s witness—as far as he could see.

3 How much better it is for those who precisely know the words of its prophecies, and guard the things that were written in it! For the time is near.